d × 100 mm length) The packed column was filled with 0 5 M NaOH

d. × 100 mm length). The packed column was filled with 0.5 M NaOH and allowed to

stand overnight at 20°C. After washing with 200 mL of water, 50 mL of water was circulated in check details the column for 24 h at a flow rate of 1 BV h-1. The water was recovered and subjected to an analysis of total organic carbon content [10]. Results and discussion Porous supports bearing lipid membranes Characterization of the porous supports bearing lipid membranes was reported previously [10]. An IR spectrum of the cross-linked porous chitosan reacted with succinic anhydride showed a new absorption band at 1,720 cm-1 (νC=O of COOH) and an increase of intensity at 1,655 and 1,560 cm-1 (νC=O of NHCO) indicating selective N-succinylation.

After further reaction with the vesicular dispersion of N-octadecylchitosan, a small but distinct selleck chemicals increase of νCH at 2,925 cm-1 and a disappearance of νC=O of COOH at 1,720 cm-1 were observed. The difference spectrum, N-octadecylchitosan-immobilized supports minus carboxylated ones, demonstrated νCH of N-octadecylchitosan methylenes at 2,925 and 2,850 cm-1 and νC=O of NHCO at 1,655 and 1,560 cm-1. These results supported the covalent immobilization of N-octadecylchitosan to the carboxylated supports by amide bonds. A rougher surface was observed at the scanning electron micrograph of N-octadecylchitosan-immobilized supports compared to carboxylated ones. Furthermore, threadlike materials in order of tens of angstrom thickness were observed around the fibrous support in TEM of ultrathin

sections of the N-octadecylchitosan-immobilized supports (Figure 3). From the above results, polymeric lipid membranes of N-octadecylchitosan were covalently immobilized to porous supports. Fludarabine research buy The immobilized amount of N-octadecylchitosan was estimated as 4 mg mL-1 of particles from the consumption of hydrochloric acid in titration. Figure 3 Transmission electron micrograph of the porous supports bearing lipid membranes (ultrathin section). ×60,000 as provided. Column-wise adsorption of LPS from protein solution by porous supports bearing lipid membranes For the porous supports bearing lipid membranes, it was reported that LPS was removed to as low as 0.1 ng mL-1 from the BSA solution at pH 4.3 to 7.0 with the ionic strength of 0.01 to 0.1 with a quantitative recovery of protein [11]. BSA was highly contaminated by LPS as obtained with the concentration of 100 to 148 ng mL-1 of LPS for 5 mg mL-1 of BSA. In this report, the column-wise adsorption experiments using HSA were carried out for not only the porous supports bearing lipid membranes but also the conventional adsorbents for LPS removal. The HSA/LPS mixed solution was passed through the column packed with the adsorbents. Concentrations of HSA and LPS were 5 mg mL-1 and 1 to 39 ng mL-1, click here respectively.

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