Further investigation illuminated water gas shift and methanol decomposition reaction were both involved GSK923295 in the formation of CO. There was no noticeable deactivation for ZnO-Al2O3 with the ZnO/(ZnO+ Al2O3) molar ratio of 0.50 during
the 200h continuous operation (GHSV= 17930 h(-1), T=420 degrees C). The H-2 space time yield is 55 Lh(-1)g(cat)(-1) and the concentration of CO in the dry gaseous products was lower than 0.8%. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Scanning electron microscopy backscattered-electron images of paint cross sections show the compositional contrast within the paint system. They not only give valuable information about the pigment composition and layer structure but also about the aging processes in the paint. This article focuses on the reading of backscatter images of lead white-containing samples from traditional oil paintings (17th-19th centuries). In contrast to modern lead white, traditional stack process lead white is characterized by a wide particle size distribution. Changes in particle morphology and distribution are indications of chemical/physical reactivity in the paint. Lead white can be affected by free fatty acids to form lead soaps. The dissolution of lead white can be recognized in the backscatter
image by gray (less scattering) peripheries around particles and gray amorphous areas as opposed to the well-defined, highly scattering intact lead white particles. The small particles react away first, while the larger particles/lumps can still be visible. Formed lead soaps appear to find more migrate or diffuse through the semipermeable paint system. Lead-rich bands around Elafibranor mw particles, at layer interfaces and in the paint medium, are indications of transport. The presence of lead-containing crystals at the paint surface or inside aggregates furthermore point to the migration and mineralization of lead soaps.”
“Eukaryotic genomes have large numbers of
duplicated genes that can evolve new functions or expression patterns by changes in coding and regulatory sequences, referred to as neofunctionalization. In flowering plants, some duplicated genes are imprinted in the endosperm, where only one allele is expressed depending on its parental origin. We found that 125 imprinted genes in Arabidopsis arose from gene duplication events during the evolution of the Brassicales. Analyses of 46 gene pairs duplicated by an ancient whole-genome duplication (alpha WGD) indicated that many imprinted genes show an accelerated rate of amino acid changes compared with their paralogs. Analyses of microarray expression data from 63 organ types and developmental stages indicated that many imprinted genes have expression patterns restricted to flowers and/or seeds in contrast to their broadly expressed paralogs. Assays of expression in orthologs from outgroup species revealed that some imprinted genes have acquired an organ-specific expression pattern restricted to flowers and/or seeds.