Medical, dental, and dietary histories were obtained The childre

Medical, dental, and dietary histories were obtained. The children were examined for DE using a modified index. Results.  The

prevalence of DE by subject affected was 77% in monozygotic twins (MZ), 74% in dizygotic twins (DZ), and 75% in singleton controls (P > 0.1). Of the teeth scored, 12% had mild, 10% moderate, and 1% severe lesions, and DE was more severe in the older age group (P < 0.05). Concordance rates for erosion lesions in MZ and DZ co-twins were not statistically significant. Conclusions.  The prevalence of DE and the concordance of erosion lesions were similar between MZ and DZ twins and singleton children, suggesting that the contribution of genetic factors to DE is negligible. "
“International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2011; Background.  Physiological root resorption differentiates primary from permanent teeth. The understanding of what protects and regulates root resorption might help to develop this website therapies to its control. Aim.  To verify the presence and distribution of ECRM and the expression of CK14, OPG, TRAP and COX-2 in the periodontal ligament (PDL) of

human primary and Buparlisib permanent teeth. Design.  Eight primary teeth undergoing physiological or pathological root resorption and 4 permanent teeth were immunohistochemically processed for CK14, TRAP, COX-2 and OPG expression. Results.  PDL from primary and permanent teeth showed similar morphological features; however, fewer ECRM clusters and higher immunoreactivity to CK14 were found in primary PDL. In permanent teeth, ECRM were distributed along the entire MRIP PDL tissue. Howship′s lacunae were found only in primary teeth, associated with the presence of TRAP-positive cells and increase in COX-2 expression. OPG expression in primary PDL was detected in nonresorptive cervical areas and in lacunae

showing reparative tissue. It was observed higher expression of OPG in all permanent teeth when compared to primary specimens. Conclusions.  It may be concluded that PDL from primary teeth shows less ECRM clusters and lower expression of OPG. These features may be associated with lower protection against root resorption in primary teeth. “
“International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2011; 21: 141–150 Objective.  To evaluate the effect of acidic medicines (Klaricid®, Claritin®, and Dimetapp®) on surface enamel in vitro. Methods.  Enamel blocks (n = 104) were randomly distributed into two groups: G1 (pH-cycling simulating physiological oral conditions) and G2 (erosive conditions). Each group was divided into four subgroups, three to be immersed in the medicines and the control in deionized water. Specimen surfaces were evaluated for roughness and hardness at baseline and again after the in vitro experimental phase, which included 30 min immersions in the medicines twice daily for 12 days.

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