Summary of Background Data. No prior study has directly compared unit and custom-bent rods for CP.
Methods. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and radiographic data
of 157 children with CP who underwent posterior spinal fusion. Of those 157, we treated 79 with unit rods and 78 with custom-bent rods. Minimum follow-up was 2 years.
Results. Intraoperatively, unit rod surgeries were associated with significantly shorter mean surgical time (339 and 379 minutes, respectively; P = 0.04), longer mean intensive care unit stay (4 vs. 3 days, respectively; P = 0.001), and longer mean hospital stay (14 vs. 13 days; P = 0.006) than custom-bent rod procedures. The mean estimated blood loss was higher for unit rods (2124 vs. 1885 mL, respectively), but not significantly so. After surgery, unit rod surgeries were associated with significantly more mean pelvic obliquity correction (74% vs. 22%, KPT-8602 in vivo respectively; P = 0.002), more mean clinically apparent implant prominence at 2-year follow-up (12 vs. 2 instances; P = 0.03; most were proximal), and a higher mean infection FK228 mouse rate (15% vs. 5%, respectively; P = 0.03). There were no significant differences in final major Cobb correction, curves with an apex above or below T10, implant-related reoperations, or neurologic complications. The only factor that was statistically correlated with the overall complication rate for both groups
was absolute curve magnitude (P = 0.04).
Compared with custom-bent rods, unit rods provided superior correction of pelvic obliquity but were associated with higher transfusion requirements, higher infection rates, more proximal fixation problems, and longer intensive care unit and hospital stays.”
“Background: Emergence delirium (ED) frequently occurs in young Fosbretabulin children awakening from general anesthesia (GA). To date, research is limited by scales that are unable to discriminate the condition from other forms of agitation.
Aim: The primary aim of this study was to determine the core behaviors of ED that discriminate the condition from pain and tantrum in young children and to cluster these behaviors according to the DSM-IV/V core diagnostic criteria and associated behaviors of delirium.
Method: Children aged 18 months to 6 years (n = 198) were observed upon awakening from GA following surgical or nonsurgical procedures to determine which behaviors categorize ED. Behaviors were recorded via a structured behavioral observation. Clinical opinion was sought to determine whether the child presented ED, pain, or tantrum.
Results: A chi-square analysis revealed children with ED were significantly more likely to display activity, nonpurposefulness, eyes averted, stared or closed, no language, and nonresponsivity. These behaviors were not significantly associated with pain or tantrum.