The actual filtering error variances or their traces of each fuse

The actual filtering error variances or their traces of each fuser are guaranteed to have a minimal upper bound for all the admissible uncertainties of noise variances. A Lyapunov equation approach is presented to prove the robustness of the robust Kalman filters. The

concept of robust accuracy is presented and the robust accuracy relations among the local and fused robust Kalman filters are proved. Specially, the corresponding steady-state robust local and fused Kalman filters are also presented for multisensor time-invariant systems, and the convergence in a realization of the local and fused time-varying and steady-state Kalman filters is proved by the dynamic error system analysis (DESA) method and dynamic variance error system analysis (DVESA) find more method. A simulation example ABT-263 in vitro is given to verify the robustness and robust accuracy relations. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Interindividual variations in dose requirements of oral vitamin K antagonists (VKA) are attributed to several factors, including genetic variant alleles of vitamin K epoxide reductase complex subunit 1 (VKORC1) and cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9), but also interaction

with co-medications. In this context, proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-related alterations of VKA maintenance dose requirements have been published. The present investigation aimed to test for an interaction profile of oral VKA-therapy and PPIs in relation to the CYP2C9 genotype. Median weekly stable VKA dose requirements over 1year were recorded in 69 patients. Patients were genotyped for CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*3, VKORC1c.-1639G bigger than A and VKORC1c.174-136C bigger than T and assessed for an association with PPI use and total VKA maintenance dose requirements. PPI users with CYP2C9 genetic variations required significantly lower weekly

VKA maintenance doses than those with the wild-type 3-MA cost genotype (t-test: P=002). In contrast, in subjects without PPI use, the CYP2C9 genotype had no significant influence on oral VKA dose requirements. Further, the combined CYP2C9/VKORC1 genotype was a significant predictor for VKA dose requirements [linear regression: estimate: -147, standard error: 058 (P=001)]. In conclusion, in carriers of CYP2C9 gene variations, the interference with the VKA metabolism is modified by PPI co-medication and the VCKORC1 genotype. Preceding knowledge of the genetic profile and the awareness for potentially occurring severe over-anticoagulation problems under PPI co-medication could contribute to a safer and personalized VKA pharmacotherapy.”

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