Data were recorded at ages 12,24 and 36 weeks In general, Cu sup

Data were recorded at ages 12,24 and 36 weeks. In general, Cu supplementation was neither detrimental nor beneficial for animal health and performance, and the levels of the measured metabolites and enzymes were within their normal ranges stated for feedlot with the same management during the whole study. However, in keeping with reported higher hepatic Cu levels at slaughter, animals on supplemented feed had higher GGT activities at the end of the finishing stage, although the difference was not statistically significant. On

the other hand, lower SAC levels at the end of the growing period in the supplemented group suggest the

YM155 solubility dmso possibility of a positive effect of Cu supplementation on redox state. Further research is necessary to clarify the potential role of Cu in limiting the ROS production associated with fattening diets, and to evaluate the hepatobiliary consequences of supplementation, including hepatic Cu accumulation. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Latex polymers are frequently used as substitutes for solvent-borne coatings in environmental friendly technologies. However, the relationship between the copolymer composition and the latex film performance must Cyclopamine supplier be established. The preparation of a series of styrene-n-butyl acrylate latexes

functionalized with different amounts of acrylic acid through semicontinuous emulsion polymerization is presented. In this work, latexes were employed to study the modification of the latex film properties by the addition of acrylic acid during the polymerization; mainly, the adhesion to the substrate, the water vapor permeability, and the electrical film resistance were examined. The most advantageous acrylic acid content was established by a balance of the tested properties. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 113: 553-557, 2009″
“Silicon click here specimens containing p-n junctions have been prepared for examination by off-axis electron holography using focused ion beam (FIB) milling. FIB milling modifies the surfaces of the specimens due to gallium implantation and the creation of defects which has the effect of reducing the active dopant concentration measured during electrical characterization. Here we show that although this damage can be removed by using low temperature annealing, the presence of surface charge will modify the electrical potentials in the specimens and limit the dopant concentration that can be measured. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.

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