Infiltration of mononuclear inflammatory cells was moderate without intergroup difference; positive TUNEL staining was barely detectable in any group. I/R injury increased blood cytokine levels without intergroup difference, whereas both cEPO-FC and rhEPO significantly lowered 8-isoprostane levels.\n\nIn a porcine model of aortic balloon occlusion-induced spinal cord I/R
injury, cEPO-FC and rhEPO comparably protected against ischemic spinal cord dysfunction and neuronal damage. This effect coincided with attenuated oxidative stress.”
“Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial effect of endodontic medicaments and their bases in the presence selleckchem of dentine powder.\n\nMethods: The medicaments tested were Ledermix paste, Pulpdent paste, a 50: 50 combination of the Pulpdent: Ledermix and their bases. The test organism was Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212. The presence or absence of dentine was examined as well as the effect of autoclaving dentine. Serial dilutions of samples at 1 hour, 1 day and 3 days were used for colony counting. The effects of dentine Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor powder on pH for saturated Ca(OH)(2) solution and Pulpdent paste at 1 hour and 24 hours were also measured.\n\nResults: Pulpdent and the 50:50 combination of Pulpdent: Ledermix completely inhibited the growth of E. faecalis from 1
hour onwards, and these results were not affected by the presence/absence of dentine powder, pre-incubation period, timing of autoclaving, or exposure time. Saturated solutions of Ca(OH)(2) are prone to inactivation by dentine selleck compound powder unlike Pulpdent paste. Ledermix paste took 3 days to exert a significant effect on the growth of E. faecalis.\n\nConclusions: In this laboratory study, both Pulpdent and the 50:50 mixture of Pulpdent with Ledermix were effective medicaments
against E. faecalis in the presence of dentine powder.”
“Oxytocin has a modulatory role in natural and drug reward processes. While the role of oxytocin in pair bonding and reproduction has been extensively studied, sex differences in conditioned and unconditioned behavioral responses to oxytocin treatment have not been fully characterized. Here, we determined whether male and female rats would show similar dose response curves in response to acute oxytocin on measures of locomotor activity, sucrose seeking, and sucrose intake. Male and freely cycling female rats received vehicle or oxytocin (0.1, 0.3, 1, 3 mg/kg, IP) injections before behavioral tests designed to assess general motor activity, as well as sucrose self-administration and seeking. Lower doses of oxytocin decreased motor activity in a novel environment in females relative to males. Likewise, lower doses of oxytocin in females decreased responding for sucrose during maintenance of sucrose self-administration and reinstatement to sucrose-conditioned cues.