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45. EUR-Lex – 32013D0652 – EN – EUR-Lex. ᅟ. ; ᅟ [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1404378765237&uri=CELEX:32013D0652] 46. Han J, Wang Y,
Sahin O, Shen Z, Guo B, Shen J, Zhang Q: A fluoroquinolone resistance associated mutation in gyrA Affects DNA supercoiling www.selleckchem.com/products/bix-01294.html in Campylobacter jejuni. Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2012, 2:21.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef 47. Jolley KA, Maiden MC: BIGSdb: Scalable analysis of bacterial genome variation at the population level. BMC Bioinformatics 2010, 11:595.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef 48. Sheppard SK, Dallas JF, MacRae M, McCarthy ND, Sproston EL, Gormley FJ, Strachan NJC, Ogden ID, Maiden MCJ, Forbes KJ: Campylobacter genotypes from food animals, environmental sources and clinical disease in Scotland 2005/6. Int J Food Microbiol 2009, 134:96–103.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions CR conceived the typing method, coordinated the study, conducted data analysis and drafted the manuscript; SC conducted laboratory work associated with sequencing and participated in data analysis of the Campylobacter coli species; CP conceived the methodology for recovering isolates from environmental/animals samples, performed environmental sampling and revised the manuscript; HMC coordinated the sampling strategies for collecting environmental isolates and revised the manuscript; AD performed CYTH4 the statistical analyses; FD developed the PCR assays for
identifying isolates at the species level, SL isolated strains from veterinarian samples and food products at retail; JM initiated and managed the genotyping platforms for the national surveillance system, discussed analyses, interpretation and revised the manuscript critically. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background According to the report of FAO, due to the attack from pathogenic organisms and insect pests, 20–40% decrease in crop yield occurs which results in loss of 120 billion US $ worldwide . Pest insects, being plant disease vectors reduce crop output by 10–30% either by reducing the quality and quantity of the crop production, or by serving as vectors of plant diseases .