Anomalous variation 4EGI-1 molecular weight in the lattice parameters and the octahedral tilt angle is observed
across the magnetic transition temperature. In the magnetic phase, the c parameter is contracted and the octahedral tilt angle is slightly increased. The results suggest coupling between the spin, lattice and structural degrees of freedom. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3555093]“
“Stomatal closure during water stress is a major plant mechanism for reducing the loss of water through leaves. The opening and closure of stomata are mediated by endomembrane trafficking. The role of the vacuolar trafficking pathway, that involves v-SNAREs of the AtVAMP71 family (formerly called AtVAMP7C) in stomatal movements, was analysed. Expression of AtVAMP711-14 genes was manipulated in Arabidopsis plants with sense or antisense constructs by transformation of the AtVAMP711 gene. Antisense plants exhibited decreased stomatal closure during drought or after treatment with abscisic acid (ABA), resulting in the rapid loss of leaf water and tissue collapse. No improvement was seen in plants overexpressing the AtVAMP711 gene, suggesting that wild-type levels of AtVAMP711 expression are sufficient. ABA treatment induced the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in guard cells of both wild-type and antisense plants, indicating that Torin 2 mouse correct hormone sensing is maintained. ROS were detected in nuclei, chloroplasts, and vacuoles. ABA treatment caused
a significant increase in ROS-containing small vacuoles and also in plastids and nuclei of neighbouring epidermal and mesophyll cells. Taken together, our results show that VAMP71 proteins play an important role in the localization of ROS, and in the regulation of stomatal closure by ABA treatment. The paper also describes a novel aspect of ROS signalling in plants: that of ROS production in small vacuoles that are dispersed in the cytoplasm.”
“Kidney retransplantation is often associated with a higher immunological risk than is primary renal transplantation. Faced with increasing organ shortage and growing waiting lists, results of kidney retransplantation
are of particular interest. Fifty-six third and fourth kidney transplants were analyzed retrospectively. Parameters included patient Apoptosis inhibitor and donor demographics, operative details, incidence of surgical, immunological and infectious complications and patient and graft survival. Patients receiving third kidney grafts had 1- and 5-year patient/graft survival rates of 97.4%/72.9% and 88.9%/53.6%, respectively. Episodes of acute rejection and delayed graft function were observed in 44% and 49% of these patients. Fourth kidney transplantation was associated with 1- and 2-year patient/graft survival rates of 84.8%/68.5% and 63.6%/47%, respectively. Acute rejection and delayed graft function occurred in 33% and in 60% of cases. Acceptable patient and graft survival may be achieved after third and fourth kidney transplantation.