05) The mean QuickDash also improved from 66 5 (SD 25 7) to 40 2

05). The mean QuickDash also improved from 66.5 (SD 25.7) to 40.2 (SD 24) (p smaller than 0.01). The mean EQ-5D improved from 0.68 (SD 0.2) to 0.75 (SD IPI-145 manufacturer 0.13) but was not statistically significant (p = 0.09). Three patients were revised because of loosening, 2 more patients were re-operated. This resulted in a Kaplan-Meier survival of 90 % (CI 72-97) for the study period. The Discovery system has shown satisfactory results

in RA patients even if the rate of complication remained relatively high. Further follow-up is required to investigate the radiological changes observed in some of our patients.”
“We evaluated the in vitro activity of fosfomycin against urinary isolates in a region in Greece that exhibits considerable antimicrobial resistance by evaluating

retrospectively relevant susceptibility data retrieved from the microbiological library www.selleckchem.com/products/lb-100.html of the University Hospital of Heraklion, Crete, Greece. We examined 578 urinary isolates. In total, 516 (89.2%) were susceptible to fosfomycin; 415 isolates were gram negative, and 101 isolates were gram positive. Fosfomycin appears to exhibit good levels of in vitro activity against the examined urinary isolates.”
“Invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin is one of the most common cancers in the United States, with no proven means for prevention other than systemic retinoids, which have significant toxicity, and sunscreen. We sought to determine the risk factors for invasive SCC on the face or ears in a high-risk population comprising 1,131 veterans in the Veterans Affairs Topical Tretinoin Chemoprevention (VATTC) Trial. Participants were required to have been diagnosed with at least two keratinocyte carcinomas (KCs) in the 5 years prior to enrollment. The median duration of follow-up was 3.7 years. Twenty-three percent of the participants developed a new invasive SCC, and the cumulative risk of invasive SCC was 30% at 5 years. The following factors independently predicted for new invasive SCCs: number of invasive Selleckchem PARP inhibitor SCCs and number of in

situ SCCs in the 5 years prior to enrollment, actinic keratoses count at enrollment, a history of ever use of topical 5-fluorouracil, and total occupational time spent outdoors. In contrast, the use of angiotensin-convering enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers during the study and a history of warts anywhere on the body were found to protect against new invasive SCCs. These independent predictors remained the same for all SCCs (invasive and in situ combined). The number of basal cell carcinomas in the 5 years prior to enrollment, sunburns, sun sensitivity, and recreational sun exposure were not associated with new SCCs. These findings identify key risk factors for additional SCCs in patients with multiple prior KCs, and suggest that a history of warts may be associated with reduced SCC risk.

In contrast, PTN was found to be downregulated in injured DRG of

In contrast, PTN was found to be downregulated in injured DRG of SD rats, the most sensitive strain in behavioural studies. These changes in PTN were not paralleled by concomitant modifications of MK gene expression. The results demonstrate previously unidentified differences between PTN and MK patterns of expression. Furthermore, the data suggest that upregulation of PTN, but not MK, could play an important role in the recovery from CCI.”
“There are increasing reports of geminivirus mixed infections of field plant hosts. These mixed infections have been suggested to result in recombinations, emergence https://www.selleckchem.com/products/p5091-p005091.html of new viruses and new disease epidemics. We previously reported the

occurrence of mixed infection between African cassava mosaic virus (ACMV) and East African cassava mosaic Cameroon virus (EACMCV) resulting in severe symptoms in cassava fields SYN-117 purchase in Cameroon.

Here, we show that reassortment of DNA-A and DNA-B components of ACMV and EACMCV does not form viable recombinants. However, in the presence of both components of either virus, the DNA-A component of the other virus replicated and spread in the absence of its DNA-B component. This result suggests that failure of ACMV and EACMCV to form viable recombinants is due to the inability of each DNA-A component to trans-replicate the heterologous DNA-B component. This study also shows that ACMV DNA-A induces a resistance to ACMV and EACMCV as indicated by absence or late symptom development. Moreover, this resistance enabled plants to recover from severe symptoms caused by EACMCV in Nicotiana benthamiana, suggesting that the resistance induced is not specific to ACMV and is consistent with the phenomenon of cross-protection between related viruses. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Adiponectin is a protein hormone secreted entirely by abdominal fat tissue. It exhibits various biological activities. The present study was performed to evaluate the effects of metformin

alone or in combination with adiponectin GSK2126458 nmr on blood glucose, TG (triglyceride), CHOL (Total cholesterol), LDL (Low density lipoprotein) and HDL (High density lipoprotein) levels in mice and also to evaluate the anti-ulcerogenic activity of adiponectin against ethanol induced gastric mucosal injury in rats. Three groups of mice were gavaged with 1% volume/body weight high fat-sucrose. Metformin at a dosage of 250 mg/kg was added to the feed and a dosage of 2.5 mg/kg adiponectin was injected intraperitoneally (i.p). Blood glucose was measured at one hour intervals for five hours. Blood concentrations of TG, CHOL, LDL and HDL were also measured at the end of the fifth hour of the experiment. On the other hand, four groups of adult healthy rats were i.p. injected with distilled water, omeprazole 20 mg/kg, 2.

The calculated logarithm of the equilibrium constant is 6 0 and t

The calculated logarithm of the equilibrium constant is 6.0 and the thermodynamic functions, Delta H, Delta G, and Galardin cell line Delta S, have been calculated as 4.3 kJ mol(-1), 33.7 kJ mol(-1) and 129.7 J mol(-1) K(-1), respectively.\n\nCONCLUSION: Mixtures of CA12 and phen exhibit synergistic effects on rare earth elements. Graphical and numerical methods have been successfully used to determine their stoichiometries. The different synergistic effects may provide the possibility of separating yttrium from heavy lanthanoids at an appropriate ratio of CA12 and phen. (C) 2010 Society of Chemical Industry”
“CASE: Leanna, a 10-year-old girl with autism, was hospitalized for severe

malnutrition and 20 pound weight loss secondary to reduced intake over 4 months. Her food choices became increasingly restrictive to the point where she only ate certain types and brands of foods. find more She gradually stopped drinking and developed severe constipation and encopresis. A new behavior of collecting saliva in her mouth and spitting onto napkins also emerged.\n\nVital signs and electrolytes were normal on admission. A nasogastric tube was placed because she refused to eat. A behavior modification plan was implemented that awarded points for completing specific tasks related to feeding, which could later be redeemed for specific rewards, such as computer

time. Although her ideal body weight increased from 68% to 75% (due to continuous nasogastric tube feeds), her refusal to eat persisted.\n\nUpon further data gathering, the staff learned LY2606368 that she moved and changed schools 5 months ago. She was cared for by either a family friend or paid caregiver while her mother worked. Although she could conduct basic self-care activities without assistance and write and draw at a third-grade level, she functioned cognitively at a 4-year-old level. The behavior plan was modified, breaking the tasks into shorter components with immediate and tangible rewards. She soon began eating small portions of food and spitting less frequently. Toileting was later incorporated into this plan.

She was referred to a behavioral therapist in the community to work with her at home and school. Weekly visits with her pediatrician and appointments with a child psychiatrist and dietician were made.\n\nOrlando, a 3-year-old boy with autism, was evaluated in the emergency room for lethargy and generalized edema for 6 weeks. The history revealed a restrictive diet of commercial pureed fruit and coconut juice for 2 years. He only ate a particular brand and with specific containers; the limited food intake occurred only with his favorite blanket. He refused to eat other types of food. Outpatient treatments were unsuccessful. On physical examination, he was irritable with an erythematous, scaly rash throughout his body. His hair was thin, coarse, and blonde. He had nonpitting edema in his arms, legs, and periorbital region.

Two evolutionary lineages in the Chroomonas clade proved to be eu

Two evolutionary lineages in the Chroomonas clade proved to be euryhaline. Ranges of osmotolerance depended not only on osmolality, but also on culture medium. All cryptophytes contained contractile vacuoles. In the euryhaline strain CCAP 978/08 contractile vacuoles could be observed even at an osmolality

beyond that of seawater. In addition the cells accumulated floridoside, an osmoprotectant likely originating from the red algal carbohydrate metabolism of the complex rhodoplast. Further evidence for functional contractile vacuoles also in marine cryptophytes was provided by identification of contractile vacuole-specific genes in the genome of Guillardia theta. (C) 2014 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.”
“The spatial structure of natural habitats strongly affects bacterial life, ranging from nanoscale structural features P5091 that individual cells exploit for surface attachment, to micro-and millimeter-scale chemical gradients that drive population-level processes. Nanofabrication and microfluidics Sapanisertib in vitro are ideally suited to manipulate the environment at those scales and have emerged as powerful

tools with which to study bacteria. Here, we review the new scientific insights gained by using a diverse set of nanofabrication and microfluidic techniques to study individual bacteria and multispecies communities. This toolbox is beginning to elucidate disparate bacterial phenomena-including aging, electron transport, and quorum sensing-and enables

the dissection of environmental communities through single-cell genomics. A more intimate integration of microfluidics, nanofabrication, and microbiology PD173074 mw will enable further exploration of bacterial life at the smallest scales.”
“We evaluated the susceptibility rates for piperacillin/tazobactam tested against Pseudomonas aertiginosa isolates from the Asia-Pacific (APAC), Europe (EU), Latin America (LA), and North America (NA) for 1997 to 2007. A total of 25 460 isolates were tested originating from APAC (4441), EU (7695), LA (4277), and NA (9047). All testing was performed by reference broth microdilution methods. The samples were collected from >110 medical centers and samples averaging >30 nations/year. For this analysis, results from 1997 to 2007, 1997 to 1999, 2005 to 2007, APAC, EU, LA, and NA were assessed against several broad-spectrum beta-lactams, including cefepime, ceftazidime, imipenem, meropenem, and piperacillin alone, for a total of 12 agents overall. Using P aeruginosa breakpoints (<= 64 mu g/mL), piperacillin/tazobactam had the broadest coverage (% susceptible) in 2 regions (EU, LA) and, overall, at 83.6% followed by meropenem (83.0%) > imipenem (79.7%) > piperacillin (79.5%) > cefepime (77.5%) > ceftazidime (75.8%). Other non-beta-lactam activity results were ciprofloxacin at only 71.5% susceptible, but tobramycin and polymyxin B had higher susceptibility rates (81.0% and 99.5%, respectively).

There are three mammalian AKT isoforms located on chromosomes 14,

There are three mammalian AKT isoforms located on chromosomes 14, 19 and 1, respectively. The aim of the study was to investigate genetic alterations of AKT in breast and prostatic cancers using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).\n\nMethods and results:\n\nIn oestrogen receptor(ER)-positive breast carcinomas, AKT1 was deleted in five (4.8%) and amplified in one (1%) carcinoma. Deletions of AKT2

were seen in 19 (21.1%) cases. No AKT2 amplifications were identified. Ten (9.9%) AKT3 amplifications but no deletions were seen. In prostatic cancer, AKT1 was amplified in one carcinoma (2.6%). No genetic changes were observed for AKT2 and AKT3. High frequencies of aneusomy for all chromosomes were observed in breast and prostatic carcinomas.\n\nConclusions:\n\nIn www.selleckchem.com/products/rsl3.html breast cancer

AKT3 amplifications and AKT1 and AKT2 deletions were seen, which, to our knowledge, have not been shown by FISH before. Although these two cohorts cannot be directly compared, only one AKT1 amplification was identified in prostatic carcinomas. This indicates differences in the genetic changes underlying development of breast and prostatic cancers. To evaluate further the role of genetic changes of AKT in breast cancer progression, a cohort of both ER+ and ER- patients should be evaluated.”
“Bombardment of deuterated amorphous carbon (a-C:D) and graphite systems with 20 eV D atoms has been performed using molecular dynamics simulations and two classical reactive potentials, to examine the effect of initial system choice and potential energy function on the selleck inhibitor properties of the steady-state surface. While a-C:D structures evolve monotonically towards impact-modified surfaces, the graphite system exhibits layer-by-layer,

cyclical modification and evolves towards a steady state different from its amorphous counterpart. Longer-ranged potentials also have a noticeable effect on the interfacial structure and surface modifications under impact. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“We have experimentally studied an abrupt lateral-relaxed/strained layer heterojunction for ballistic complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) transistors, which is fabricated by a local O+ ion-induced relaxation technique for strained semiconductors on a buried oxide layer. We have demonstrated that strained substrates in various conditions LY2606368 are suddenly relaxed at a critical recoil energy of O+ ions at the strained semiconductor/buried oxide layer interface. Moreover, after O+ ion implantation into strained substrates with a SiO2 mask as well as post-annealing processes, we have successfully formed lateral relaxed/strained Si layers with an abrupt strain distribution at the mask edge, according to Raman spectroscopy analysis of implanted strained substrates. In addition, strained Si layers even under the 50-nm length stripe SiO2 mask region can still keep over 60% of the strain value in strained Si layers with a large area.

In stressed mice, thymoquinone (20 mg/kg) showed anxiolytic effec

In stressed mice, thymoquinone (20 mg/kg) showed anxiolytic effects, with a significant decrease in plasma nitrite and reversal of the decreased brain GABA content. Pre-treatment find more with methylene

blue enhanced the antianxiety effect of thymoquinone in both unstressed and stressed mice. Therefore, the present study suggests an involvement of NO-cGMP and GABAergic pathways in the anxiolytic-like activity of thymoquinone.”
“Two experiments were conducted to determine: 1) whether the adult male transgenic sickle cell mouse (Tg58 x Tg98; TSCM), exhibits the patterns of reproductive endpoints (hypogonadism) characteristic of men with sickle cell disease (SCD) and 2) whether hydroxyurea (HU) exacerbates

this condition. In Experiment 1, blood samples were collected from adult age-matched TSCM and ICR mice (ICRM) (N = 10/group) for plasma testosterone measurements. Subsequently, mice were sacrificed, testes excised and weighed and stored spermatozoa recovered for the determination of sperm density, progressive motility and percentage of spermatozoa with normal morphology. In experiment 2, adult male TSCM were orally treated with 25 mg HU/kg body weight/day for 28 or 56 days. check details Control mice received the vehicle for HU (saline) as described above. At the end of the treatment periods, blood samples were collected for quantification of circulating testosterone. Subsequently, mice were sacrificed, testes and epididymides were recovered and weighed and one testis per mouse was subjected to histopathology.

Stored spermatozoa were recovered for the determination of indices of sperm quality AZD2014 in vivo mentioned in Experiment 1. Testis weight, stored sperm density, progressive motility, percentage of spermatozoa with normal morphology and plasma testosterone concentrations of TSCM were significantly lower by 40, 65, 40, 69 and 66%, respectively than those of ICRM. These data indicate that adult TSCM used in this study suffered from hypogonadism, characteristically observed among adult male SCD patients. In Experiment 2, HU treatment significantly decreased testis weight on day 28, (0.09 +/- 0.004g) that was further decreased on day 56 (0.06 +/- 0.003g; treatment x time interaction) compared with controls (day 28, 0.15 +/- 0.01g; day 56, 2, 0.16 +/- 0.01g). Concomitant with a 52% shrinkage (P<0.001) in area of testes in 56 days of HU treatment, testes from HU-treated TSCM exhibited significant atrophic degeneration in the seminiferous tubules compared with controls. Furthermore, treated TSCM had only Sertoli cells and cell debris remaining in most of the seminiferous tubules in comparison with controls. Leydig cell prominence and hyperplasia were more evident (P<0.05) in the steroidogenic compartments of testes of HU-treated TSCM compared with controls.

We further tested whether this path occurs by constructing a muta

We further tested whether this path occurs by constructing a mutant lacking F(420)-nonreducing hydrogenase. The mutant displayed growth equal to wild-type with formate but markedly slower growth with hydrogen. The results support the model of electron bifurcation and suggest that formate, like H(2), is closely integrated into the methanogenic Cilengitide mw pathway.”
“QT Variability and Sympathetic Dysinnervation. Introduction: The mechanism of adverse prognosis attributable to proarrhythmic cardiac sympathetic

dysinnervation in patients with type 2 diabetes is incompletely understood. This study sought the association of cardiac sympathetic dysinnervation with temporal instability of ventricular repolarization assessed by beat-to-beat QT interval variability.\n\nMethods and Results: I-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine (I-123-MIBG) scintigraphy was analyzed in 31 type 2 diabetic patients for cardiac sympathetic dysinnervation (4-hour heart-to-mediastinum ratio <1.8) and regional sympathetic integrity and washout rate (from 15-minute I-123-MIBG uptake). Relative QT variability was defined from a continuous 5-minute ECG in the supine position (n = 31) and

standing position (subgroup; n = 15) by the log ratio of absolute buy Salubrinal QT variability (QT variance divided by the mean QT interval squared) to heart rate (HR) variability (HR variance divided by the mean HR squared). Patients with (n = 16; 52%) versus without cardiac sympathetic dysinnervation demonstrated higher relative QT variability in the supine position (P < 0.001), owing to lower HR variability. However, on standing, absolute QT variability was significantly raised in these patients https://www.selleckchem.com/products/ly333531.html (P = 0.009) despite similar HR variability in the 2 groups. Correlations of heart-to-mediastinum ratio with standing QT variability (relative [r = -0.63, P = 0.013] and absolute [r = -0.79, P = 0.001]) were superior to corresponding supine measures (relative [r = -0.47, P = 0.008] and absolute [P = NS]). No associations of QT variability with washout rate or regional I-123-MIBG uptake were identified.\n\nConclusion: Elevated QT variability is associated with cardiac sympathetic dysinnervation in type 2 diabetes and may

contribute to adverse prognosis. Moreover, QT variability may be more specific for cardiac sympathetic innervation when measured in the context of sympathetic activation. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 24, pp. 305-313, March 2013)”
“Fully relativistic, four-component density functional theory electronic structure calculations were performed for MBr5, MOBr3, MBr6-, KMBr6, and MBr5Cl- of group-5 elements Nb, Ta, and element 105, Db, with the aim to predict adsorption behaviour of the bromides in gas-phase chromatography experiments. It was shown that in the atmosphere of HBr/BBr3, the pentabromides are rather stable, and their stability should increase in the row Nb < Db < Ta. Several mechanisms of adsorption were considered.

On the basis of these spectroscopic results and previously report

On the basis of these spectroscopic results and previously reported site-directed mutagenesis studies, inspection of the PSI crystal structure reveals a cluster of three highly conserved residues, His(D95), Glu(D103), and Asp(C23), as a likely

Cu2+ binding site. The discovery of surface metal sites on the acceptor side of PSI provides a unique opportunity to probe the stromal region of PSI and the interactions of PSI with its reaction partner, the soluble electron carrier protein ferredoxin.”
“Isolated methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) results either from a defect in the mitochondria] enzyme methylmalonylCoA mutase (MCM), or in the intracellular conversion of vitamin B-12 (cobalamin) into its active coenzyme. adenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl). Mutations in the MMAB gene affect Selleck BIX-01294 the function of the enzyme ATP: cob(I)alamin adenosyltransferase (ATR) and the production of AdoCbl. Measurement of MCM function in cultured patient fibroblasts, followed by somatic cell complementation 4EGI-1 analysis in cases where MCM function is decreased, has classically been used

to diagnose the cblB cobalamin disorder. A patient with persistent MMA, who could not be diagnosed using traditional somatic cell studies, was subsequently shown by sequencing in a clinical laboratory to contain two variants in the MMAB gene. This observation brings into question whether somatic cell studies have failed to diagnose other cblB patients with mild cellular phenotypes. A high resolution melting analysis (HRMA) assay was developed for the MMAB gene. It was used to scan 96 reference buy 5-Fluoracil samples and two cohorts of patients: 42 patients diagnosed with cblB by complementation studies; and 181 patients with undiagnosed MMA. MMAB mutations, including

one novel nonsense mutation (c.12 C > A [p.C4X]), were identified in all members of the cblB cohort. Four patients with undiagnosed MMA, including the index case described above, were found to contain variants in the MMAB gene: c.185C > T (p.T62M), c394T > C (p.C132R), c.398C > T (p.S133F), c.521C > T (p.S174L), c.572G > A (p.R191Q). Only the index case was found to have two variants, suggesting that somatic cell studies diagnose almost all cblB patients. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Undesired cell migration after targeted cell transplantation potentially limits beneficial effects for cardiac regeneration. MicroRNAs are known to be involved in several cellular processes, including cell migration. Here, we attempt to reduce human cardiomyocyte progenitor cell (hCMPC) migration via increasing microRNA-155 (miR-155) levels, and investigate the underlying mechanism. Human cardiomyocyte progenitor cells (hCMPCs) were transfected with pre-miR-155, anti-miR-155 or control-miR (ctrl-miR), followed by scratch- and transwell-assays. These functional assays displayed that miR-155 over-expression efficiently inhibited cell migration by 38 +/- 3.6% and 59 +/- 3.7% respectively.

“In model teleost fishes like the medaka and the zebrafish

“In model teleost fishes like the medaka and the zebrafish many genes which have been identified in genome sequencing projects await their functional characterization. Techniques for the effective generation of transgenic animals are a prerequisite for this challenging task, and, due to their transparency, fish offer the possibility to combine the use of fluorescent proteins and developmental analysis in vivo. Here we describe the application of the Ac/Ds transposon system to generate transgenic medaka reporter and gene trap lines. We determined a germline

transmission rate of 30% in our experiments using constructs ranging in size from 1.8 to 6 kilobase pairs. The genomic integration site of the Ds-elements selleck chemicals can be easily identified which is an important feature for gene trap mutagenesis experiments and similar approaches. We constructed gene trap vectors with functional elements of medaka sequences that produce in frame fusions of the endogenous sequence to EGFP. These vectors mimic endogenous expression of the trapped allele in transgenic animals and are capable to interfere with the expression of the wild type allele in the homozygous individuals.”
“Our objective is to describe a novel ligamentolysis

approach using a subcoronal incision technique and to determine its safety and efficacy. During the last 7 years, Crenolanib clinical trial 82 consecutive patients had penile augmentation surgery. Ligamentolysis, through a lower abdominal incision (V-Y plasty) in the first 35 males, was performed (Group A), followed by circumcision ligamentolysis in the next 47 males (Group B). The operation time, complications, and the preoperative

and postoperative Selleck Dinaciclib values of penile length and girth along with the self-esteem and relations questionnaire score as well as satisfaction score was calculated before and after the surgery, and a comparison was conducted between the groups. The mean age at presentation was 32 years (range: 18-56 years). Seventy-nine patients suffered from penile dysmorphophobia, and three patients had micropenises (length, <7.5 cm). The mean surgical times were 150.7 and 125.2 min for Groups A and B, respectively (P=0.005). Postoperatively, four Group A patients and three Group B patients (11% versus 6%, respectively) experienced penile retraction (P=0.453). Hypertrophic scars were observed in 18 men (51%) in the former group. In the circumcision group, no major wound complications were recorded. The length and girth improvements between the groups were similar. In terms of satisfaction and SEAR improvement, the resulting difference for both variables favored the circumcision group (P=0.007 and <0.001, respectively). With strict selection criteria, the circumcision ligamentolysis procedure compared to the V-Y plasty demonstrated improved results in terms of safety, operation time, retraction rate and cosmetic appearance without any compromise in the gained penile size.

Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism (2012) 32,


Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism (2012) 32,

1317-1331; doi: 10.1038/jcbfm.2011.187; published online 18 January 2012″
“Approximately 5% of oncology patients develop cutaneous metastases, with only a small number of these patients (less than 1%) having metastatic skin lesions as the first sign of their visceral cancer. Metastases tend to occur on skin surfaces in the vicinity of the primary tumor. However, any site may be affected by cutaneous metastases. GDC-0973 cost Skin metastases can present with several morphologies including, albeit rarely, keratoacanthoma-like lesions. Keratoacanthoma is a keratinous tumor that morphologically appears as a nodule with a central keratin-filled crater. This article reviews the characteristics

of oncology patients whose cutaneous metastases mimicked a keratoacanthoma, including illustrations from our patient, a 53-year-old Caucasian man whose metastatic esophageal adenocarcinoma not only presented with a keratoacanthoma-like tumor on his upper lip but also a forehead macule and a scalp nodule. We also report keratoacanthoma-like presentations SNX-5422 mouse from literature cases of breast cancer, chondrosarcoma, and pulmonary malignancies. The lesions were discovered 3-24 months after diagnosis of visceral cancer and led to the discovery of unsuspected lung cancer in two patients. Most of the patients (60%) died within 2 months of discovery of the keratoacanthoma-like cutaneous metastases. We also reviewed the literature and discuss other morphologies of cutaneous metastases in patients whose primary tumors were in the breast, lung, and esophagus. In addition, we review from the literature other examples of tumors that present

as metastatic nodules on the scalp.\n\nThe possibility of cutaneous metastasis should be entertained and pathologic evaluation should be considered in an oncology patient with underlying visceral malignancy who develops a keratoacanthoma-like lesion.”
“Fully Compound C in vitro dense titanium nitride (TiN) ceramic was irradiated using a 100 keV Ar ion beam at 600 degrees C and at target fluences of 3 x 10(17) ions cm(-2), corresponding to 115 displacements per atom (dpa). X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy were performed to evaluate the irradiation damage in the TIN. The lattice parameter increased and the lattice expanded by 0.19% after irradiation due to interstitial atoms and vacancies in Ar-irradiated TiN. Hills, bubbles and dislocations were observed.