This selectivity was more robust when larger numbers of surroundi

This selectivity was more robust when larger numbers of surrounding items and multiple features were included in the display, and it was absent when only a few items were presented immediately outside the CRF. In addition, the popout modulation

of V4 activity was eliminated when top-down attention was directed to locations outside of the CRFs during saccade preparation, indicating that the salience of popout stimuli is not sufficient MLN4924 to drive selection by V4 neurons. These results demonstrate that neurons in feature-selective cortex are influenced by bottom-up attention, but that this influence is limited by top-down attention.”
“Whether uni- or bilateral drainage should be performed for malignant hilar biliary obstruction remains a matter of debate. Moreover, endoscopic placement of bilateral metallic stents has been considered difficult and complicated. Although the Y-stent with a central wide-open mesh facilitates bilateral stent placement, it has limitations. This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of the Niti-S large Citarinostat inhibitor cell D-type biliary stent (LCD) with a uniform large cell for both uni- and bilateral drainage of malignant hilar biliary obstruction.\n\nFrom April

2008 to March 2009, a total of 12 consecutive patients with unresectable malignant hilar biliary obstruction of Bismuth type 2 or greater underwent placement of LCD. Before LCD placement,

all the patients underwent endoscopic unilateral biliary drainage using a plastic stent or a nasobiliary drainage tube. If jaundice improved after the procedure, the plastic stent or nasobiliary drainage tube was replaced with the unilateral LCD. If jaundice did not resolve or contralateral cholangitis occurred, bilateral LCD placement was performed.\n\nSeven patients had unilateral and five patients had bilateral LCD placement. Technical Selleckchem Sotrastaurin success was achieved for all 12 patients. An early complication occurred for one 3 patient (8%), and stent occlusion occurred for six patients (50%) because of tumor ingrowth (n = 4) or sludge (n = 2). These patients were managed by insertion of plastic stents (n = 4) or percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (n = 2). The median stent patency period was 202 days.\n\nThe newly designed endoscopic metallic stent may be feasible and effective for malignant hilar biliary obstruction, and endoscopic reintervention is relatively simple.”
“Objective: A major challenge in the management of patients with complex regional pain syndrome 1 is identifying those individuals who are at risk of developing severe problems. Data from large follow-up studies providing empirical evidence are largely lacking. The goal of this study was to obtain an expert-agreed priority list of parameters that are correlated with a poor prognosis.

The PAs were soluble in common polar aprotic solvents at room tem

The PAs were soluble in common polar aprotic solvents at room temperature whereas the aromatic PIs were dissolved by heating at 60 degrees C.”
“For the past few years, bacteria that are grown in high-salt environment have MCC950 datasheet been a focus of extremophiles research. They are distributed widely in different habitats and possess unique physiological properties. In this study, we obtained 97 halophilic or halotolerant eubacteria from saline-alkali soil in Shache County, Xinjiang Province, China, by selective media. Phylogenetic analysis of the partial sequences indicated that the isolates were affiliated with 19 genera of three orders.

All 97 strains were screened for amylase, lipase, gelatinase and cellulase. Twenty-five strains were lipase producers, 27 gelatinase producers, 31 amylase producers, and none were cellulase producers. Combined hydrolytic activities were detected in some strains. Twenty-one isolates GSK923295 Cytoskeletal Signaling inhibitor presented with two or more activities, but only five isolates presented with three hydrolytic activities. For the tolerability tests of amylase and lipase, we found that most of the isolates presented the highest amylase activity at 10% NaCl, pH 7.0 and 40 degrees C, and the highest lipase activity at 5-10% NaCl, pH 8.0 and 30 degrees C.”
“Little is known about the main features of the emergent population of PP. Our objective was to determine the clinical,

care and social characteristics of a multi-institutional population of PP, by means of a cross-sectional study including a reference population of hospital-based PP from 36 hospitals. The main clinical, functional, mental and social features and their associated factors were assessed: 1632 PP (53% find more males, mean age 77.9 +/- 9.8 years) were included.

An informal caregiver was required by 52% (78% of caregivers were close female relatives). The mean inclusion criteria (Cat): were 2.7 +/- 0.8 (49.5% presented >= 3 Cat). The most frequent inclusion Cat were heart (77.5%), lung (45.6%), neurological (38.2%), and kidney diseases (32.2%), whereas the mean of other comorbidities was 4.5 +/- 2.7 per PP. The mean Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) was 4; 47.6%, and 52.4% presented dyspnea >3 on the NYHA, and on the MRC, respectively; nearly 19% required home oxygen therapy, 19% had suffered >1 fall in previous year, and 11% suffered an active neoplasia. The mean hospital admissions in last 12/3 months, and chronically prescribed drugs were 2/1, and 8 +/- 3, respectively. More than 70% presented obesity, while 60% had hypoalbuminemia. The basal/inclusion Barthel index (BI) score was 69 +/- 31/58 +/- 34 (BI score < 60 was present in 31.5%/44%, respectively); and the mean Pfeiffer score was 2.94 +/- 3.2 (43% answered with >= 3 errors). More than half of the subjects were at risk or already had established social problems.

4 m at the shallower, periodically inun

4 m at the shallower, periodically inundated depth and 10.7 m at the deeper, continually submerged depth. These spatial check details structures suggest a strong influence of hydrology on the microbial community composition in these denitrifying biofilters. Understanding such spatial structure can also guide optimal sample collection strategies for microbial

community analyses.”
“Maraviroc (MVC) is licensed in clinical practice for patients with R5 virus and virological failure; however, in anecdotal reports, dual/mixed viruses were also 3 inhibited. We retrospectively evaluated the evolution of HIV-1 coreceptor tropism in plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of an infected adolescent with a CCR5/CXCR4 Trofile profile who experienced an important but temporary immunological and virological response during a 16-month period of MVC-based therapy. Coreceptor usage of biological viral clones isolated from PBMCs was investigated in U87.CD4 cells expressing wild-type or chimeric CCR5 and CXCR4. Plasma and PBMC-derived viral clones were sequenced to predict coreceptor tropism using the geno2pheno algorithm from the V3 envelope sequence and pol gene-resistant mutations. From start to 8.5 months of MVC treatment only R5X4 viral clones were observed, whereas at 16 months the phenotype enlarged to also include R5

and X4 clones. Chimeric receptor usage suggested the preferential usage of the AG-014699 molecular weight CXCR4 coreceptor by the R5X4 biological clones. According to phenotypic data, R5 viruses were susceptible, whereas R5X4 and X4 viruses were resistant to RANTES and MVC in vitro. Clones at 16 months, but not at baseline, showed an amino acidic resistance pattern in protease and reverse transcription genes, which, however, did not drive their tropisms. The geno2pheno algorithm predicted at baseline R5 viruses in plasma, and from 5.5 months throughout follow-up only CXCR4-using viruses. An extended

methodological approach is needed to unravel the complexity of the phenotype and variation of viruses resident in the different compartments of an infected individual. The accurate evaluation of the proportion of residual R5 viruses may guide Omipalisib therapeutic intervention in highly experienced patients with limited therapeutic options.”
“Currently available anti-HIV-1 drugs suppress viral replication and maintain viral levels below the detection threshold of most assays but do not eliminate cellular reservoirs. As a result, very low levels of circulating virus can be detected in most people despite long-term treatment with potent anti-HIV drug combinations. Not surprisingly, viral levels rebound with discontinuation of treatment. New evidence indicates that there is a viral reservoir in bone marrow progenitor cells.

These findings are new and innovative

as they enlarge the

These findings are new and innovative

as they enlarge the knowledge about basic physiologic and neuroplastic processes in tinnitus.”
“An increased use of bio fuels would contribute to sustainable development by reducing greenhouse-gas emissions and the use of non-renewable resources. Lignocellulosic biomass, including agricultural Taselisib solubility dmso and forestry residues instead of traditional feedstock (starch crops), could prove to be an ideally inexpensive and abundantly available source of sugar for fermentation into transportation fuels. Cellulose, accessible surface area, protection by lignin, and sheathing by hemicelluloses all contribute to the resistance of cellulose in biomass to hydrolysis for the conversion to fuels. Our research had as objective the reduction of lignin by supercritical fluid extraction process by choosing optimal parameters of extractant, extraction time, pressure and temperature adapted on plant material used. Tests of lignin extraction with supercritical CO2 in laboratory facilities

were performed on cobs and corn stalks. Parameters were followed biomass size ( smaller than 2.35 mm, 2.35 to 3.5 mm), the influence of the type of solvent (methanol and butanol) and co solvent concentration (50-100%). The best results were obtained in extraction with methanol / water 50% v / v. Research is part Anlotinib research buy of the ERA IB 6001, international project.”
“The present study was designed to determine ANG peptide content [ANG I, ANG II, ANG( 1-7)], ACE2 mRNA, and the immunocytochemical

distribution of ANG-(1-7) and ACE2 in the uteroembryonic unit during early and late gestation in Sprague-Dawley rats and in a rat model of pregnancy-induced hypertension, the reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) model. At early pregnancy ANG-(1-7) and ACE2 staining were localized in the primary and secondary decidual zone and luminal and glandular epithelial cells. During late gestation, ANG-(1-7) and ACE2 staining was visualized in the labyrinth placenta and amniotic and yolk sac epithelium. Uterine ANG this website II concentration at early pregnancy was significantly decreased by 21-55% in the implantation and interimplantation sites compared with virgin rats, whereas ANG-(1-7) levels were maintained at prepregnancy levels. At late gestation, uterine concentrations of ANG I and ANG II were significantly increased (30% and 25%, respectively). In RUPP animals, ANG-(1-7) concentration is significantly reduced in the uterus (181 +/- 16 vs. 372 +/- 74 fmol/g of tissue) and placenta (143 +/- 26 vs. 197 +/- 20 fmol/g of tissue). ACE2 mRNA increased in the uterus of early pregnant compared with virgin rats, yet within the implantation site it was downregulated. At late pregnancy, ACE2 mRNA is elevated by 58% in the uterus and decreased by 59% in RUPP animals.

There is a great need to optimize living donor kidney transpl

\n\nThere is a great need to optimize living donor kidney transplantation programmes by using a new strategy of: a. Detailed and adequate medical and psychosocial evaluation, ensuring that the need to increase programme activity will not overshadow the most important principle -donor safety. b. Total removal of all disincentives and financial obstacles that discourage potential donors, and provision of financial coverage for the follow-up. c.

Sufficient detailed information about the option of living donor kidney transplantation, its results, and donor safety, delivered to relatives of patients with end-stage renal disease and to the patients themselves.”
“Aim: To investigate the relationship of forearm length (FL) or height to bone parameters of the forearm of a normal pediatric population in comparison to individuals with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Methods: Data on FL, height and peripheral quantitative computed tomography measurements

of the forearm were collected from participants of the DONALD study (140 males and 156 females; age 5-19 years) and from 73 patients with OI (53 males; mean age +/- SD: 11.7 +/- 3.3 years). Bone mineral content (BMC) was transformed into standard deviation score (SDS) according to height or FL. Results: Height and Tanner stages significantly predicted FL in males (R(adjusted)(2) = 0.960) and females (R(adjusted)(2) = 0.934). Height was a stronger predictor Taselisib research buy of FL than Tanner stages. Compared to controls,

patients with OI were characterized by lower BMC-SDS FL and lower BMC-SDS height (-0.37 +/- 1.77 vs. 0.00 +/- 0.97, p = 0.002, and -0.15 +/- 5.0 vs. -0.02 +/- 1.01, p = 0.011, respectively). BMC-SDS(FL) was not significantly lower than BMC-SDS height in controls, and also not lower in patients with OI (p = 0.865 and p = 0.809). The height/FL ratio was significantly decreased in patients with OI (mean +/- SD: 6.34 +/- 0.38 vs. 6.45 +/- 0.21, p = 0.001) compared with controls. Conclusion: Because of disproportional growth, BMC may be overestimated in OI patients. Copyright (C) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“The effect of a Schiff-base ligand (N,N’-ethylenebis(acetylacetone iminato)dianion = acacen) on size and optical properties Anlotinib of TiO2 nanoparticles in a two-step sal-gel method was investigated. Different amounts of Schiff-base ligand were applied and the as-prepared products were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning 3 electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrum, Electron Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. Molecular orbital structure of acacen was calculated by density functional theory (DFT) in order to determine the exact orbital energies and electron transfer pathways.

A control group (n = 47) consisted of age-and body mass index (BM

A control group (n = 47) consisted of age-and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy subjects LY3039478 concentration with a normal OGTT. Circulating concentrations of lipids, insulin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were measured. HOMA index was calculated. Results. Subclinical inflammation markers were elevated in patients with diabetes and IFG/IGT 123 compared to healthy

controls and also IFG patients (diabetes vs. control: p < 0.05 for hsCRP, IL-8, and IL-6; IFG/IGT vs. control: p < 0.05 for hsCRP, and IL-6; diabetes vs. IFG: p < 0.05 for hsCRP, and IL-6; IFG/IGT vs. IFG: p < 0.05 for hsCRP, and IL-6). In multiple

regression analysis, postload glucose concentration was independently associated with circulating hsCRP and IL-6 concentrations when the data was controlled for age, gender, BMI and lipid concentrations (p < 0.05 for hsCRP, and IL-6). Conclusion. Our results suggest that patients with prediabetes, independent of underlying obesity, have increased concentrations of subclinical inflammation selleck screening library which is mostly driven by postload glucose concentrations.”
“Several studies in schizophrenia found a positive association between cognitive performance and work status, and it has been reported that good cognitive performance at the outset does predict the success of vocational interventions. However little has been done to investigate whether vocational interventions itself benefit cognitive performance. To test this hypothesis we performed a randomized, placebo-controlled trial to investigate in remitted schizophrenic patients the effect of a 6-months vocational rehabilitation program on cognitive performance. We recruited 112 remitted and clinically stable schizophrenic patients

who aimed to enter a vocational rehabilitation program. From these, 57 immediately entered selleck kinase inhibitor a 6-months vocational rehabilitation program, whereas the remaining 55 were allocated to a waiting-list; the latter formed our control group, which received during the 6 months out-clinic follow-up treatment. Before and after the 6-months period we assessed changes in cognitive performance through a neuropsychological test battery, as well as changes in the psychopathological status and in quality of life. We found that vocational rehabilitation significantly improved patients’ performance in cognitive measures that assess executive functions (concept formation, shifting ability, flexibility, inhibitory control, and judgment and critics abilities). Moreover, after 6 months the vocational group improved significantly in the negative symptoms and in quality of life, as compared to controls.

Mitochondria make use of molecular machinery that couples these o

Mitochondria make use of molecular machinery that couples these organelles to microtubule-based transport via kinesin and dynein motors, facilitating the required long-range movements. These motors in turn are associated with a variety of adaptor proteins allowing additional regulation of the complex dynamics demonstrated by these organelles. Over recent years, a number of new motor and adaptor proteins have been added to a growing list of components implicated in mitochondrial trafficking and distribution.

Yet, there are major questions that remain to be addressed about the regulation of mitochondrial transport complexes. One of the core components of this machinery, the mitochondrial Rho A-1155463 GTPases Miro1 (mitochondrial Rho 1) and Miro2

DMH1 cell line have received special attention due to their Ca2+ -sensing and GTPase abilities, marking Miro an exceptional candidate for co-ordinating mitochondrial dynamics and intracellular signalling pathways. In the present paper, we discuss the wealth of literature regarding Miro-mediated mitochondrial transport in neurons and recently highlighted involvement of Miro proteins in mitochondrial turnover, emerging as a key process affected in neurodegeneration.”
“A liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous HSP990 supplier determination of baicalin, wogonoside, baicalein, wogonin, oroxylin A and chrysin in rat plasma, using naringin as an internal standard. After acidifying with HCl, plasma samples were pretreated by liquid-liquid extraction with acetone. Chromatographic separation was accomplished on a Hypersil Gold-C-18 123 analytical column (2.1

x 150 mm, 5 mu m) utilizing a gradient elution profile and a mobile phase consisting of (A) 0.1% formic acid in water and (B) acetonitrile. Detection was performed by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode using electrospray ionization in the positive ion mode. All analytes showed good linearity over the investigated concentration range (r > 0.9900). The lower limit of quantification was 0.5 ng/ml for baicalin, wogonoside, wogonin and oroxylin A, and 1.0 ng/ml for baicalein and chrysin. Intra-day and inter-day precisions (RSD%) were less than 15% and accuracy (RE%) ranged from -6.7% to 5.8%. The validated method was successfully applied to investigate the pharmacokinetics of the major flavonoids of Radix scutellariae extract after oral administration to rats. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Descending pathways in the spinal cord of adult urodele amphibians show a high regenerative ability after body spinal cord transection; regenerated axons regrow into the transected spinal cord, and hindlimb locomotor recovery occurs spontaneously.

In addition, as the 432 temperature inc

In addition, as the temperature increased, sol-to-gel-to-syneresis and gel-to-sol-to-gel-to-syneresis

transitions were observed for F-CIA and F-CL12 aqueous solutions, respectively, whereas a sol-to-gel-to-sol transition was observed for 4 Pluronic F127 aqueous solution. The findings suggest that the end capping of F127 by OCL induces changes in nanoassemblies, which play a key role in different physicochemical properties leading to the abnormal phase behavior.”
“Aims: The aim of this study was to examine the factors that influence soluble endothelial selectin (sE-selectin) levels in umbilical cord serum.\n\nMaterials and Methods: sE-selectin levels in umbilical cord serum were measured in 144 patients using enzyme-linked LOXO-101 in vivo immunosorbent assay. We examined the Z-IETD-FMK solubility dmso association

of sE-selectin levels with gestational age, pre-eclampsia (PE), histological chorioamnionitis (HCAM), preterm premature rupture of membranes, magnesium sulfate use, birthweight, and placental weight.\n\nResults: A significant positive correlation was observed between sE-selectin levels and gestational age in the patients who had neither PE nor HCAM (r = 0.559, P < 0.0001). This statistically positive Wnt drug correlation persisted in patients with PE without HCAM (n = 25, r = 0.644, P < 0.001), but not in patients with HCAM without

PE (n = 58, r = 0.102, P = 0.448). In matched gestational age analysis, sE-selectin levels were increased in the presence of HCAM (P = 0.0006), but were not influenced by the presence of PE (P = 0.127), preterm premature rupture of membranes (P = 0.352) or magnesium sulfate use (P = 0.337).\n\nConclusion: sE-selectin levels in umbilical cord serum were positively correlated with gestational weeks. sE-selectin levels in umbilical cord serum were higher in mothers with HCAM but not with PE, when compared with gestational-age-matched controls.”
“Measurements of low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol have been identified as a risk factor for premature coronary artery disease, however, to date, current pharmacologic approaches for raising HDL have provided little benefit, if at all, in reducing cardiovascular outcomes. It has been shown that HDL can modify many aspects of plaque pathogenesis. Its most established role is in reverse cholesterol transportation, but HDL can also affect oxidation, inflammation, cellular adhesion, and vasodilatation.

These two possibilities could be distinguished by the use of pure

These two possibilities could be distinguished by the use of pure preparations of glucose isomers. In the laboratory, selected eukaryotes,

bacteria, and archaea consumed only D-glucose, not L-glucose, while permanganate oxidized both isomers. On Mars, selective consumption of either D- or L-glucose would constitute evidence for biological activity.”
“The thick peptidoglycan layers of Gram-positive bacteria are connected to polyanionic glycopolymers GW4869 chemical structure called wall teichoic acids (WTA). Pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, or Enterococcus faecalis produce WTA with diverse, usually strain-specific structure. Extensive studies on S. aureus WTA mutants revealed important functions of WTA in cell division, growth, morphogenesis, resistance

to antimicrobials, and 4 interaction with host or phages. While most of the S. aureus WTA-biosynthetic genes have been identified it remained unclear for long how and why S. aureus glycosylates WTA with alpha or beta-linked N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc). Only recently the discovery of two WTA glycosyltransferases, TarM and TarS, yielded fundamental insights into the roles of S. aureus WTA glycosylation. Mutants lacking WTA GlcNAc are resistant towards most of the S. aureus phages and, surprisingly, TarS-mediated WTA beta-O-GlcNAc modification is essential for beta-lactam JPH203 supplier resistance in methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Notably, S. aureus WTA GlcNAc residues are major antigens and activate the complement system contributing to opsonophagocytosis. WTA glycosylation with a variety of sugars and corresponding glycosyltransferases were also identified in other Gram-positive bacteria, which paves the way for detailed investigations on the diverse roles of WTA modification with sugar residues. (C) 2013 Elsevier GmbH. All Bafilomycin A1 rights reserved.”
“Sapindus mukorossi Gaerten., as a rich source of saponins, is an important agricultural economic tree in tropical and subtropical regions. Its fruit pericarp has a high content of triterpenoid saponins of high surface activity and important biological

activities. Thus the current work adopted a two-stage foam fractionation technology to separate the saponins from the pericarp. A spiral internal component and elevated temperature were utilized to improve enrichment ratio. Using this technology, the enrichment ratio of the sapindus saponins reached 133.4 with a recovery of over 36.4% and the separated saponins had a high purity of 90.3%. The product was analyzed by FTIR and HPLC-MS to determine its ingredients, including plentiful triterpenoid saponins and bits of sesquiterpene glucosides. The subsequent bioactivity analysis made sure that the product had moderate but long-term antimicrobial activity. Therefore the current work had industrial implication in producing high-purity saponins for food, cosmetics and even pharmaceutical fields.

044), ciliary motility (p<0 001) and abnormalities in nasal se

044), ciliary motility (p<0.001) and abnormalities in nasal secretions. A univariate logistic model, in which the odd ratio (OR) indicates the probability of success in the 9 mg sodium hyaluronate group compared to the control group, showed that the highest OR was observed for presence of nasal dyspnoea (OR=21.36; 95% CI: 1.07 to 426.56), normal mucosa at endoscopy (OR: 9.62; 95% CI: 1.82 to 50.89), ciliary motility (OR: 7.27; 95% CI: 1.68 to 31.42) and presence of bio film (OR: 4.41; 95% CI: 1.26 to 15.40). Treatment with 9 mg sodium hyaluronate plus saline was well tolerated. A 3-month intermittent treatment with 9 mg sodium hyaluronate plus saline solution nasal

washes following FESS for rhino-sinusal remodelling was associated with significant Cell Cycle inhibitor improvements in nasal dyspnoea, appearance of nasal mucosa at endoscopy and ciliary motility compared to saline alone.”
“Viral miocarditis is a common cardiovascular disease, which has greatly threatened human health. However, up to now, the pathogenesis of viral myocarditis has been unclear, which leads to the lack of its effective treatments.\n\nTo investigate the role of chemokines in pathogenesis of viral myocarditis, mRNA

expression for a panel of 19 chemokines Kinase Inhibitor Library mw detected by RT-PCR in myocardial tissue of BALB/c mice that were inoculated intraperitoneally with 3 coxsackievirus B3. Moreover primary cultured cardiac myocytes were infected with coxsackievirus B3 following extraction of RNA, from myocytes the expression of 19 chemokines was detected by by RT-PCR.\n\nOur results showed that there was much difference in the expression pattern of chemokines in myocardial tissue between infected mice with viral GSK2126458 in vitro myocarditis and uninfected control mice. The expression of chemokines was varied significantly in clusters in myocardium post coxsackievirus B3 Infection. There were also complexity and imbalance in the change of the expression of chemokines. In the meantime, Coxsackievirus B3 infection also influenced the expression pattern of chemokines in cardiac myocytes in vitro. However the expression

of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 alone was upregulated in cardiac myocytes post coxsackievirus B3 infection in the 19 detected chemokines.\n\nThe chemokine expression pattern changed in complexity and imbalance manner both in myocardium and in primary cultured cardiac myocytes after coxsackievirus B3 infection. Coxsackievirus 133 infection may start viral myocarditis by regulating the expression pattern of chemokines in cardiac myocytes. MCP-1 may be one of key chemokines in the initial stage of viral myocarditis.”
“In this article, space shift keying (SSK) modulation is used to study a wireless communication system when multiple relays are placed between the transmitter and the receiver. In SSK, the indices of the transmit antennas form the constellation symbols and no other data symbol are transmitted.